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वंदे मातरम गीत लिखने वाले बंकिमचन्द्र चटर्जी का जीवन परिचय

वंदे मातरम गीत लिखने वाले बंकिमचन्द्र

वंदे मातरम गीत लिखने वाले बंकिमचन्द्र चटर्जी का जीवन परिचय

बच्चों, आपको मालूम है की हमारा राष्ट्रीय गीत ‘ वन्दे मातरम’ किसने लिखा था? बंकिमचंद्र चटर्जी ने। उनका जन्म 27 जून 1838 को कलकत्ता मे हुआ था। उनकी शिक्षा वही पर हुई।

उनको पढाई से ज्यादा खेल पसंद था। उन्होंने B A की परीक्षा मे प्रथम श्रेणी से पास हुए। उनके पिता डिप्टी थे। पिता की इच्छा थी कि बंकिमचंद्र सरकारी नौकरी करे। इसलिए 1858 मे डिप्टी मजिस्ट्रेट बन गए। साल 1857 के विद्रोह के दौरान भारत मे ब्रिटिश शासन का कार्यभार ईस्ट इंडिया कंपनी के हाथों से महारानी विक्टोरिया के हाथों मे आ चुका था। अंग्रेज के अत्याचार देख कर बंकिमचंद्र चटर्जी काफी गुस्से मे आ गये। उन्होनें अपने विद्रोही विचारों को आवाज देने के लिए कलम को अपना हथियार बनाया।

 

बंकिमचंद्र चटर्जी एक महान साहित्यकार ही नहीं बल्कि देशभक्त भी थे । उन्होंने अपने साहित्य मे मातृभूमि का वंदन किया और सभी लोगों को एक साथ ले कर स्वतंत्रता के लिए प्रेरित किया। बंकिमचंद्र चटर्जी बंगला लेखक था।

उनका साहित्य बेहद ज्ञानवर्धक है। इसलिए उनकी सभी रचनाओ को बंगला के साथ- साथ हिंदी और विभिन्न भाषाओं मे अनुवाद किया गया। आज भी उनके द्वारा लिखी गई पुस्तक चाव से पढ़ते है। उनकी प्रमुख लेख है –

दुर्गेश नंदनी, कपाल कुंडला, आनंद मठ, मृणालीनी, विषवृक्ष, चंद्रशेखर, इंद्रा, राज सिंह, आदि। बंकिमचन्द्र चटर्जी ने अपनी रचनाओं मे लगभग सभी पत्रों को सदाचारी दिखाया है।

उनकी रचनों मे महिला पात्र भी साहसी और वीरता को दिखाया गया है। उनकी लेख पढ़ कर लोगों ने देश को आजाद करने मे भाग लिया और अपने देश को आजाद कराने के लिए जी जान लगा दिया।

आनंद मठ मे देश भक्ति का आदर्श प्रस्तुत किया है। इस उपन्यास की के द्वारा भारतीय स्वतंत्रता के युद्ध का एलान किया गया। ‘आनंद मठ ‘ के संयासी पात्र के माध्यम से ” वंदे मातरम् ” का शुरुआत किया गया।

कलम की ताकत बहुत प्रभावशाली होती है, इस बात को बंकिमचंद्र चटर्जी की सशक्त लेखनी ने साबित कर दिया। अगर मन मे किसी बात को संकल्प लिया जाय तो उसको पुरा करने मे थोड़ी भी देर नही करती है।

बंकिमचंद्र चटर्जी ने अपनी लेखनी के माध्यम से आजादी की ऐसी अलख जगाई कि पुरा भारत हिंदू, मुस्लिम, सिख, ईसाई जागृत हो कर एकता के सूत्र मे बांध गया। इसलिए भारत 15 अगस्त ,1947 को अंग्रेजों की गुलामी से मुक्त हो सका। ऐसे महान देशभक्त लेखक की मृत्यु 1894 में हुई।

रवि किशन का जीवनी क्लिक करके पढ़े

वंदे मातरम गीत लिखने वाले बंकिमचन्द्र चटर्जी का जीवन परिचय

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